12th English Vocabulary American English

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BRITISH ENGLISH – AMERICAN ENGLISH

  1. Accelerator – Gas pedal
  2. Accommodation – Accommodations
  3. Advertisement – Notice
  4. Aerial – Antenna
  5. Aerofoil – Airfoil
  6. Aeroplane – Airplane
  7. Aluminium – Aluminum
  8. Angry – Mad
  9. Anticlockwise – Counter clockwise
  10. Appetizer – Starter
  11. Autumn – Fall
  12. Bank holiday – Legal holiday
  13. Barrister / solicitor – Lawyer / attorney
  14. Beet root – Beet(s)
  15. Bill – Check
  16. Biscuit – Cookie
  17. Biscuits – Cookies
  18. Blind – Window Shade
  19. Bonnet – Hood
  20. Boot – Trunk
  21. Braces – Suspenders
  22. Brackets – Paranthesis
  23. Calibre – Caliber
  24. Car park – Parking lot
  25. Caravan – Trailer
  26. Caretaker – Janitor
  27. Carpet – Rug
  28. Catalogue – Catalog
  29. Centre – Center
  30. Chemist – Druggist
  31. Chemist’s shop – Drugstore / pharmacy
  32. Cheque – Check
  33. Chips – French Fries
  34. Cloakroom – checkroom / coat room
  35. Colour – Color
  36. Cooker – Stove
  37. Corn flour – Cornstarch
  38. Cosy – Cozy
  39. Cot – Crib
  40. Courgette – Zucchini
  41. Crisps – Chips
  42. Crocodile – alligator
  43. Cross roads – Intersection
  44. Cupboard – Closet
  45. Current account – Checking account
  46. Curriculum vitae – Resume
  47. Curtains – Drapes
  48. Cutting – Clipping
  49. Diversion – Detour

EUPHEMISTIC EXPRESSIONS / POLITE ALTRENATIVES (1 MARK)

  1. Abortion – pregnancy termination
  2. Accidental death – collateral damage
  3. Bald – moon landing
  4. Barber – hair dresser
  5. Blind – visually impaired
  6. Boys toilet – the little boys’ room
  7. Buttocks – bottom
  8. Cheap – economical
  9. Cheating – professional foul
  10. Crazy – a few sandwiches short of a picnic
  11. Deaf – hearing impaired / aurally challenged
  12. Death penalty – capital punishment
  13. Died – passed away / kicked the bucket / croaked
  14. Dumb – orally challenged
  15. Euthanize – put to sleep
  16. Fart – pass wind
  17. Fat – big-boned / full-figured / horizontally-challenged
  18. Female toilet – the ladies’ room
  19. Genocide – ethnic cleansing
  20. Handicapped – physically challenged / differently-abled
  21. Homeless – on the streets
  22. House wife – home maker
  23. Idiot – intellectually challenged
  24. Jail – correctional facility
  25. Killed – whacked / wearing cement shoes
  26. Late – chronologically challenged
  27. Liar – economical with the truth
  28. Maid – domestic engineer
  29. Military attack – armed intervention
  30. Old person – senior citizen
  31. Poor – working class / economically disadvantaged
  32. Prison camp – relocation center
  33. Retarded – mentally challenged
  34. Shoplifting – five-finger discount
  35. Short – vertically challenged
  36. Stupid – academically challenged
  37. Surcharge – convenience fee
  38. Thin – slender
  39. Toilet – restroom / washroom
  40. Ugly – aesthetically challenged
  41. Unemployed – between jobs
  42. Unwanted call – courtesy call
  43. Used car – previously enjoyed car
  44. Vomit – blow chunk
  45. Broke – negative cash flow
  46. Got fired – taking an early retirement
  47. Flatulence – fired a shot
  48. Toupee – bad rug
  49. Assignment – homework
  50. Pregnant – expecting
  51. Dismissed – let you go
  52. Draught – Draft
  53. Drink driving – Drunk driving
  54. Drink driving – Drunk driving
  55. Dummy – Pacifier
  56. Dustbin – Trash can / Garbage can
  57. Duvet – Comforter
  58. Dynamo – generator
  59. Earth wire – Ground wire
  60. Engaged – Busy
  61. Enquiry – Inquiry
  62. Expiry date – Expiration date
  63. Fancy dress – Constumes
  64. Father Christmas – Santa Claus
  65. Favourite – Favorite
  66. Fellow – Guy
  67. Fever – Sick
  68. Fill in – Fill out
  69. Film / Cinema – Movie
  70. Fire brigade – Fire department
  71. First floor – S
  72. Flannel – Washcloth
  73. Flat – Apartment
  74. Flavour – Flavor
  75. Flyover – Overpass
  76. Foot ball – Soccer
  77. Foot way – Side walk
  78. Fortnight – Two weeks
  79. Fringe – Bangs
  80. Full stop – Period
  81. Garden – Yard / Lawn
  82. Goods train – Freight train
  83. Goods – Freight
  84. Grill – Broil
  85. Ground floor – First floor
  86. Hairslide – Barrette
  87. Hand bag – coin purse
  88. Harbour – Harbor
  89. Headmaster – Principal
  90. Hire – Rent
  91. Holiday – Vacation
  92. Homely – Homey
  93. Hoover – Vaccum cleaner
  94. Humour – Humor
  95. Indicator – Side signal / Turn signal
  96. Interval – Intermission
  97. Inverted commas – Quotation Marks
  98. Jam – Jelly
  99. Jewellery – Jewelery
  100. Jug – Pitcher
  101. Jumper – Sweater
  102. Junior school – Elementary school
  103. Kennel – Dog house
  104. Kilometre – Kilometer
  105. Ladybird – Ladybug
  106. Lift – Elevator / Escalator
  107. Litre – Liter
  108. Lolly – Lollipop
  109. Lorry – Truck
  110. Mackintosh – Raincoat
  111. Maize – Corn
  112. Managing director – CEO
  113. Match – Game
  114. Maths – Math
  115. Metre – Meter
  116. Mobile phone – Cell phone
  117. Motor bike – Motor Cycle
  118. Motorway – Expressway / highway
  119. Mum/Mummy – Mom/Mommy
  120. Nappy – Diaper
  121. Neighbour – Neighbor
  122. Newsreader – Newscaster
  123. Number plate – License plate
  124. Paraffin – Kerosene
  125. Pavement – Sidewalk
  126. Petrol – Gasoline
  127. Petrol – Gasoline
  128. Physiotherapy – Physical therapy
  129. Porridge – Oat meal
  130. Post box – Mail box
  131. Post code – Zip code
  132. Potato crisp – Potato chip
  133. Practise – Practice
  134. Pram – Baby carriage / stroller
  135. Programme – Program
  136. Public school – Private school
  137. Queue – line
  138. Racing car – Race car
  139. Rail way – Rail road
  140. Rise – Raise
  141. Rubber – Eraser
  142. Shop assistant – Sales clerk
  143. Shop – Store
  144. Shopping trolley – Shopping cart
  145. Silencer – Muffler
  146. Single – One way
  147. Single way – One way
  148. Skilful – Skillful
  149. Skipping rope – Jump rope
  150. Solicitor – Lawyer
  151. Stable – Barn
  152. Storm – Tempest
  153. Storm – Tempest
  154. Sweet – Candy
  155. Tap – Faucet
  156. Tea cup – Tea pot
  157. Terminus – depot
  158. Theatre – Theater
  159. Tick – Check mark
  160. Tights – Pantyhose
  161. Timber – Lumber
  162. Time table – Schedule
  163. Tin – Can
  164. Toilet – Rest room
  165. Torch light – Flash light
  166. Trousers – Pants
  167. Trumpet – Horn
  168. Tyre – Tire
  169. Underground – Subway
  170. Veranda – Porch
  171. Vest – Undershirt
  172. Waistcoat – Vest
  173. Wardrobe – Closet
  174. Wash basin – Sink
  175. Wind screen – Wind shield
  176. Witness box – Witness stand
  177. Zebra crossing – Cross walk
  178. Zed – Zee

ABBREVIATIONS & ACRONYMS (1 MARK)

  1. AAI – Airport Authority of India
  2. AIBA – Association International de Boxe Amateur
  3. AIDS – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
  4. AIIMS – All India Institute of Medical Science
  5. AIR – All India Radio
  6. ALU – Arithmetic Logic Unit
  7. AR – Augmented Reality
  8. ASCII – American Standard Code for Information Interchange
  9. ATM – Automated Teller Machine
  10. AVADI – Armed Vehicles and Ammunition Depot of India
  11. B. Tech -Bachelor of Technology
  12. B.A. -Bachelor of Arts
  13. B.E. – Bachelor of Engineering
  14. B.Sc. – Bachelor of Science
  15. BARC – Baba Atomic Research Center
  16. BBC – British Broadcasting Corporation
  17. BC – Before Christ / Backward Class
  18. BEL – Bharat Electronics Limited
  19. BHEL – Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited
  20. BIOS – Basic Input Output System
  21. BPL – Below Poverty Line
  22. BPO – Business Process Outsourcing
  23. BPT – Bachelor of Physiotherapy
  24. BDS – Bachelor of Dental Surgery
  25. BOOK – Bio-Optical Organized Knowledge
  26. CCE – Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation
  27. CPG – Central Pattern Generator
  28. BSNL – Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited
  29. CA – Chartered Accountant
  30. CAD – Computer Aided Design
  31. CAT – Career Aptitude Test
  32. CCTV – Closed Circuit Television
  33. CD – Compact Disc
  34. CFC – Chloro Fluoro Carbon
  35. CFL – Compact Fluorescent Lamp
  36. CLRI – Central Leather Research Institute
  37. CM – Chief Minister
  38. CMRL – Chennai Metro Rail Limited
  39. CPU – Central Processing Unit
  40. CRPF – Central Reserve Police Force
  41. CRT – Cathod Ray Tube
  42. CRY – Child Rights and You
  43. CVRDE- Combat Vehicle Research and Development establishments
  44. DIG – Deputy Inspector General of Police
  45. DOS – Disk Operating System
  46. DTP – Desktop Publishing
  47. DTS – Digital Theatre Sound
  48. DIET – District Institute of Education and Training
  49. EEG – Electro Encephalo Gram
  50. GIRL – Growing Independent Resilient Leaders
  51. GPM – Green Peace Movement
  52. DVD – Digital Versatile Disk
  53. EC – Election Commission
  54. ECE – Economic Commission of Europe
  55. ECG – Electro Cardiogram
  56. EPF – Employees’ Provident Fund
  57. ERNET – Educational and Research Network
  58. EVM – Electronic Voting Machine
  59. EXNORA – Excellent Novel Radical
  60. EU – European Union
  61. FAO – Food and Agricultural Organisation
  62. FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions
  63. FERA – Foreign Exchange Regulation Act
  64. FIR – First Information Report
  65. FTP – File Transfer Protocol
  66. GATE – Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering
  67. GATT – General Aggreement on Trade and Tariffs
  68. GDP – Gross Domestic Product
  69. GMAT – Graduate Management Admission Test
  70. GPO – General Post Office
  71. GPS – Global Positioning System
  72. GST – Goods and Service Tax
  73. GUI – Graphical User Interface
  74. HDTV – High Definition Television
  75. HIV – Human Immuno Deficiency Virus
  76. HP – Hindustan Petroleum
  77. HRC – Human Rights Commission
  78. HSC – Higher Secondary course Certificate
  79. HTML – Hyper Text Markup Language
  80. HDMI – High Definition Multimedia Interface
  81. HUDCO – Housing and Urban Development Corporation
  82. IAS – Indian Administrative Service
  83. IB – Intelligence Bureau
  84. IBRD- International bank for Reconstruction and Development
  85. ICAO – International Civil Aviation Organisation
  86. ICICI – Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India
  87. ICC – International Cricket Council
  88. ICU – Intensive care Unit
  89. IDA – International Development Association
  90. IELTS – International English Language Test System
  91. IFC – International Finance Corporation
  92. IGNOU – Indira Gandhi National Open University
  93. IIM – Indian Institute of Management
  94. IIT – Indian Institute of Technology
  95. ILO – International Labour Organization
  96. IMF – International Monetary Fund
  97. IMO – International Maritime Organisation
  98. IOB – Indian Overseas Bank
  99. IP – Internet Protocol
  100. IPC – Indian Penal Code
  101. ISBN – International Standard Book Number
  102. ISD – International Subscriber Dialing
  103. ISI – Indian Standard Institute
  104. ISO – International Standard Organization
  105. ISP – Internet Service Provider
  106. ISRO – Indian Space Research Organisation
  107. ITI – Industrial Training Institutes
  108. ITU – International Telecommunications Union
  109. JEE – Joint Entrance Examination
  110. KPO – Knowledge Process Outsourcing
  111. LAN – Local Area Network
  112. LASER- Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
  113. LED – Light Emitting Diode
  114. LIC – Life Insuarnce Corporation of India
  115. M.A. – Master of Arts
  116. M.E. – Master of Engineering
  117. M.Sc. – Master of Science
  118. MAN – Metropolitan Area Network
  119. MBA – Master of Business Administration
  120. MBBS – Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
  121. MHRD – Ministry of Human Resource Development
  122. MICR – Magnetic Ink Character Recognition
  123. MIGA – Multilateral Investment Guarentee Agency
  124. MLA – Member of Legislative Assembly
  125. MLC – Member of Legislative Council
  126. MNC – Multi National Company
  127. MP – Member of Parliament
  128. MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  129. MS – Master of Surgery
  130. NASA – National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  131. NCC – National Cadet Corps
  132. NEET – National Eligibility cum Entrance Test
  133. NET – National Eligibility Test
  134. NEWS – North, East, West, South
  135. NGO – Non-Governmental Organization
  136. NLC – Neyveli Lignite Corporation
  137. NOC – No Objection Certificate
  138. NRI – Non-Resident India
  139. NSS – National Service Scheme
  140. OPEC – Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
  141. OS – Operating System
  142. PA – Personal Assistant
  143. PAN-Personal Area Network / Permanent Account Number
  144. PC – Personal Computer
  145. PDF – Portable Document Format
  146. PIN – Postal Index Number
  147. PM – Prime Minister
  148. POTA – Prevention of Terrorism Act
  149. PPP – Point-to-Point Protocol
  150. PS – Personal Secretary / Post Script
  151. PTA – Parents Teachers Association
  152. PWD – Public Works Department
  153. QUIZ – Questions Under Intellectual Zone
  154. RADAR – Radio Detection and Ranging
  155. RAM – Random Access Memory
  156. RBI – Reserve Bank of India
  157. RDO – Revenue Divisional Officer
  158. ROM – Read Only Memory
  159. RPF – Railway Protection Force
  160. RRB – Railway Recruitment Board
  161. RTA – Right To Education Act
  162. RTO – Regional Transport Officer
  163. SAT – Scholastic Aptitude Test
  164. SBI – State Bank of India
  165. SIM – Subscriber Identification Module
  166. SLET – State Level Eligibility Test
  167. SLV – Satellite Launch Vehicle
  168. SMS – Short Messaging Service
  169. SR – Southern Railways
  170. SSC – Staff Selection Commission
  171. SSLC – Secondary School Leaving Certificate
  172. STD – Subscriber Trunk Dialing
  173. TAFE – Tractor And Farm Equipment
  174. TANCET – Tamil Nadu Common Entrance Test
  175. TANSI – Tamil Nadu Small Scale Industries
  176. TASMAC – Tamil Nadu State Marketing Corporation
  177. TET – Teachers Eligibility Test
  178. TNPSC – Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission
  179. TRB – Teachers Recruitment Board
  180. UAE – United Arab Emirates
  181. UFO – United Fund Organization
  182. UGC – University Grants Commission
  183. UK – United Kingdom
  184. UNDP – United nations Development Programme
  185. UNESCO- United Nations Educational Scientific Cultural Organisation
  186. UNO – United Nations Organization
  187. UPO – Universal Postal code
  188. UPS – Uninterrupted Power Supply
  189. UPSC – Union Public Service Commission
  190. URL – Uniform Resource Locator
  191. US/USA – United States of America
  192. USB – Universal Serial Bus
  193. VAO – Village Administrative Officer
  194. VAT – Value Added Tax
  195. VCR – Video Cassette Recorder
  196. VGA – Video Graphics Array
  197. VISCOM – Visual Communication
  198. VR – Virtual Reality
  199. WAN – Wide Area Network
  200. WHO – World Health Organisation
  201. WTC – World Trade Centre
  202. WTO – World Trade Organization
  203. WWW – World Wide Web
  204. BCCI – Board of Control for Cricket in India
  205. IQ – Intelligence Quotient
  206. BCE – Before Common Era
  207. INSV – Indian Naval Ship Vessel

LESSON-1

SYNONYMS

  1. Cautious – careful,alert
  2. Disapprove – deny,refuse
  3. Brisk – fast,quick
  4. Engaging – charming,captivating
  5. Humble – poor,inferior
  6. Eager – anxious,enthusiastic
  7. Resistance – fighting,struggle
  8. Persuade – prompt,induce
  9. Scarce – insufficient,deficient
  10. Nobility – dignity,virtue
  11. Shrug – raiseslightlyandmomentarily
  12. Slackened – reduced
  13. Demeanour – appearanceandbehavior
  14. Artless – innocent,guiltless
  15. Hawk – cryingoutloudly
  16. Deserted – uninhabited
  17. Emigirate – takeupcitizenship
  18. Vexation – annoyance
  19. Vestibule – lobby
  20. Charter – short,high-pitchedsounds
  21. Intrude – enterwithoutpermission
  22. Rubble – debris,brokenbricks

ANTONYMS

  1. Cautious x careless
  2. Disapprove x permit
  3. Brisk x slow
  4. Engaging x boring
  5. Humble x superior
  6. Eager x unenthusiastic
  7. Resistance x cooperation
  8. Persuade x discourage
  9. Scarce x adequate
  10. Nobility x dishonour
  11. Lesson-2

Lesson-2

SYNONYMS

  1. Disputes – conflicts
  2. Civilization – advancedstateofsocialdevelopment
  3. Stimulated – motivated
  4. Stray – loose
  5. Liable – responsible
  6. Curious – interesting
  7. Controversial- arguable,disputable
  8. Virtues – admirablequalities
  9. Despised – hated
  10. Stimulation – excitement
  11. Optimistic – positive,hopeful
  12. Cauldron – bigpot
  13. Rationing – restricting
  14. Dangling – hangingfreely
  15. Liable – responsible
  16. Mysterious – incomprehensible
  17. Etiquette – sociallyacceptedbehavior

ANTONYMS

  1. Despised x liked
  2. Optimistic x pessimistic
  3. Shallow x deep
  4. Arrival x departure
  5. Sufficient x inadequate

Lesson-3

SYNONYMS

  1. Profession – career
  2. Sorrowful – gloomy
  3. Decency – nobility
  4. Destiny – fate
  5. Hijacked – commandeered
  6. Motivation – encouragement
  7. Serious – severe
  8. Significant – important
  9. Consideration- carefulthought
  10. Prevalent – common
  11. Agony – suffering
  12. Perforated – tornordamaged
  13. Ennobles – dignified
  14. Sophisticated – welladvanced
  15. Mutilatingsurgery-removaloftissue
  16. Solace – comfortorconsolation
  17. Intrepid – boldandstaring
  18. Finale – climax
  19. Disfigured – spoiledormarred
  20. Malignant – harmfullife
  21. Tumour – diseasedgrowth
  22. Amputated – cutoffprofound-verygreat

ANTONYMS

  1. Rare x prevalent
  2. Primitive x Sophisticated
  3. Fiction x fact
  4. Fearful x intrepid
  5. Benign x malignant
  6. Diffidence x confidence
  7. Boredom x amusement
  8. Criticize x appreciate

Lesson-4

SYNONYMS

Traverse – tocrossamountainslope

  1. Rope – linksmembersofclimbingparty
  2. Cornice – overhangingmassofsnow
  3. Cwm-arm – chairshapedhollow
  4. Scrambling – climbinghurriedly
  5. Wriggle – movewithatwistorturn
  6. Tantalize – teaseortaunt
  7. Cramponed – climbingonice

ANTONYMS

  1. Narrow x broad
  2. Crawed. x. raced
  3. Dragged x pushed
  4. Hollow x raised
  5. Firm x soft
  6. Hoisted x dropped
  7. Cautiously x carelessly
  8. Grim x cheerful
  9. Sink x float
  10. Persisted x stopped
  11. Zest x boredom
  12. Perpetual x temporary

Lesson-5

SYNONYMS

  1. Unequivocally- unambiguously
  2. Considerable – ample,sizable
  3. Antiquity – ancientness
  4. Inscriptions – ahistoricalrecord
  5. Anthologies – collectionofselectedwritings
  6. Secular-non – religions,temporal
  7. Indigenous – native
  8. Esthetics – senseofbeauty
  9. Subtlety – distinction,nuance
  10. Profundity – solidity,sophistication
  11. Subaltern – subordinate,inferior
  12. Extensively – broadly,largely
  13. Universality – acceptance,prevalence
  14. Myriad – greatnumber
  15. Facet – feature,character
  16. Illuminated – lucid,clear
  17. Undergird – fundamentalsupport
  18. Conservative – traditional
  19. Touchstone – astandardorcriterion
  20. Fecund – fertile
  21. Preexisting – antecedent,former
  22. Offshoot – outgrowth,sprout
  23. Indescribably – indefinably
  24. Patently – clearly,undoubtedly

ANTONYMS

  1. Ancient/classical x modern
  2. Antiquity x modernity
  3. Conservative x modern/liberal
  4. Independent x dependent
  5. Indigenous x foreign
  6. Obvious x unclear
  7. Influence x unimportance
  8. Merely x greatly

Lesson-6

SYNONYMS

  1. Confusion – mess
  2. Peril – risk
  3. Pedestrians – walkonthestreet
  4. Chaos – confusion
  5. Anarchy – lawlessnessorrebellion
  6. Preserved – maintained
  7. Curtailed – reduced
  8. Tyranny – autocracy
  9. Insolence – rudeness
  10. Interfere – hinder
  11. Contract – commitment
  12. Indifferent – unconcerned
  13. Fancy-desire
  14. Shandy – lemonable
  15. Ridiculous – comical
  16. Conventional – normal
  17. Accommodate- fit
  18. Consideration– scrutiny

ANTONYMS

  1. Anarchy x peace,order
  2. Confusion x calm,clear
  3. Conscious x unconscious
  4. Anarchy x order
  5. Forbid x allow
  6. Peril x safe
  7. Tyranny x democracy
  8. Preserved x destroyed
  9. Liberty x slavery
  10. Ridiculous x serious
1.Linguisticsstudy of language
Numismatics

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